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Two Eagles on Ptolemaic Coins as Representations of Co-Regency

Review of denominations of early Ptolemaic bronze coins  -  Ptolemy III 

As with the table for Ptolemy II in Part 1, the table below for Ptolemy III shows each denomination by a row across a set of columns.  There are ten different denominations that include three new ones added to the eight (or possibly six) denominations of Ptolemy II (see column right, under Pt II Module).  The largest denomination (A, c.92g) of Ptolemy II has not been listed here, it was apparently not continued by Ptolemy III;  the heaviest denomination of Ptolemy III was 59-78g corresponding to denomination B (c.68g) of Ptolemy II.Coins produced in Cyprus, Phoenicia and Palistine are not included in the table 

The three new denominations in the table are C, E, and J.  These additions and changes make Mørkholm's letter designations of Ptolemy III's coins (in the first column from the left) differ from those of Ptolemy II (in the last column). The weights listed in the same row under the columns "Weight" and "Pt II Module" indicate the same denomination of Ptolemy III and Ptolemy II.

ModuleObverseReverseDiameterWeightPt II
Ammoneagle, cw43-5 mm59-78g
Ammoneagle,cw,hr,cs40 mm39-53g
C Pt IIIAmmoneagle, cw35 mm28-38g--
Ammoneagle, cw30 mm19-25g
E Pt IIIZeuseagle, ow27 mm10-16g--
Ammoneagle, cw25 mm9-13g
Alexandereagle,cw,hr,cs25 mm8-12g
Ammoneagle, cw, cs20 mm4.5-6g
Alexandereagle, cw17 mm3-5g
Ammoneagle, cw16 mm2-3g
J Pt IIIAlexandereagle, cw13 mm1-2g--

 O. Mørkholm, Early Hellenistic Coinage (Cambridge, 1991), p.107.

 ow = open wings; cw = closed wings; hr = head reverted; cs = cornucopia at shoulder













Different denominations
with same obv. / rev.

Same denomination with
different obv. / rev.

Small denominations
with same obv. / rev.

Same denomination (of PtII and
PtIII) with different obv. or rev.

To compare PtII / PtIII click on Compare

  For modules of Ptolemies II and III (highlighted in the table) the markings used on each denomination differ for the two reigns.  The differences involve changes in the types used for either the obverse or reverse or both.  There is thus no correlation of any possible marks used on denominations of Ptolemy II with possible marks used on the same denomination of Ptolemy III.

Conclusions from the same denominations (of Pt II and Pt III) with different obv. or rev. :

If there are denomination marks on coins of Ptolemy II, it would be expected that the same markings would be used for the later coins of the same denominations produced by Ptolemy III.  However, although coins of both Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III with the same denominations circulated together, there was no consistency in the use of possible denominational indicators.  For example, while coins of Ptolemy III (his module B, 39-53g, c.40mm) show an eagle with closed wings, head reverted, and a cornucopia at the upper right, coins with the same weight of Ptolemy II (his module C, 41-50g, c.36mm) show an eagle with open wings, head not reverted and no cornucopia.  Also, coins of Ptolemy III (his module H, 3-5g, 17mm) show an Alexander head while coins of Ptolemy II (his module G, 4-6g, 18mm) show an Ammon head.  For a comparison of each denomination click on Compare.

By the red highlighting the table points out those denominations of Ptolemy III that had different potential denominational indicators (i.e., different types) from the corresponding denominations of Ptolemy II.  There is no correspondence between any of the types.  The variety of differences (involving three different obverse images, wing and head variations of the eagle, and the presence of a cornucopia) simply indicated a variety of designs and had no denominational implications.

  go to 1 - Review of bronze denominations of Ptolemy II go to 1b - Review of hoard data regarding denominations of Ptolemies II, III and IV

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